Install and configure DNS bind chroot in centos 6

1. Install Bind Chroot DNS server :

[root@centos64 ~]# yum install bind-chroot bind -y

2. Copy all bind related files to prepare bind chrooted environments :

[root@centos64 ~]# cp -R /usr/share/doc/bind-*/sample/var/named/* /var/named/chroot/var/named/

3. Create bind related files into chrooted directory :

[root@centos64 ~]# touch /var/named/chroot/var/named/data/cache_dump.db
[root@centos64 ~]# touch /var/named/chroot/var/named/data/named_stats.txt
[root@centos64 ~]# touch /var/named/chroot/var/named/data/named_mem_stats.txt
[root@centos64 ~]# touch /var/named/chroot/var/named/data/named.run
[root@centos64 ~]# mkdir /var/named/chroot/var/named/dynamic
[root@centos64 ~]# touch /var/named/chroot/var/named/dynamic/managed-keys.bind

4. Bind lock file should be writeable, therefore set the permission to make it writable as below :

[root@centos64 ~]# chmod -R 777 /var/named/chroot/var/named/data
[root@centos64 ~]# chmod -R 777 /var/named/chroot/var/named/dynamic

5. Set if you do not use IPv6 :

[root@centos64 ~]# echo 'OPTIONS="-4"' >> /etc/sysconfig/named

6. Copy /etc/named.conf chrooted bind config folder :

[root@centos64 ~]# cp -p /etc/named.conf /var/named/chroot/etc/named.conf

7.Configure main bind configuration in /etc/named.conf. Append the ehowstuff.local information to the file :

[root@centos64 ~]# vi /var/named/chroot/etc/named.conf

a. Add bind DNS IP addresses :

..
listen-on port 53 { 127.0.0.1;192.168.2.62;192.168.2.63; };
..

b. Create forward and reverse zone :

..
..
zone "ehowstuff.local" {
    type master;
    file "ehowstuff.local.zone";
};

zone "2.168.192.in-addr.arpa" IN {
        type master;
        file "192.168.2.zone";
};
..
..

Full configuration for named.conf :

//
// named.conf
//
// Provided by Red Hat bind package to configure the ISC BIND named(8) DNS
// server as a caching only nameserver (as a localhost DNS resolver only).
//
// See /usr/share/doc/bind*/sample/ for example named configuration files.
//

options {
        listen-on port 53 { 127.0.0.1;192.168.2.62;192.168.2.63; };
        listen-on-v6 port 53 { ::1; };
        directory       "/var/named";
        dump-file       "/var/named/data/cache_dump.db";
        statistics-file "/var/named/data/named_stats.txt";
        memstatistics-file "/var/named/data/named_mem_stats.txt";
        allow-query     { localhost; };
        recursion yes;

        dnssec-enable yes;
        dnssec-validation yes;
        dnssec-lookaside auto;

        /* Path to ISC DLV key */
        bindkeys-file "/etc/named.iscdlv.key";

        managed-keys-directory "/var/named/dynamic";
};

logging {
        channel default_debug {
                file "data/named.run";
                severity dynamic;
        };
};

zone "." IN {
        type hint;
        file "named.ca";
};

zone "ehowstuff.local" {
    type master;
    file "ehowstuff.local.zone";
};

zone "2.168.192.in-addr.arpa" IN {
        type master;
        file "192.168.2.zone";
};

include "/etc/named.rfc1912.zones";
include "/etc/named.root.key";

8. Create Forward and Reverse zone files for domain ehowstuff.local.

a) Create Forward Zone :

[root@centos64 ~]# vi /var/named/chroot/var/named/ehowstuff.local.zone
;
;       Addresses and other host information.
;
@       IN      SOA     ehowstuff.local. hostmaster.ehowstuff.local. (
                               2013042201      ; Serial
                               43200      ; Refresh
                               3600       ; Retry
                               3600000    ; Expire
                               2592000 )  ; Minimum

;       Define the nameservers and the mail servers

               IN      NS      ns1.ehowstuff.local.
               IN      NS      ns2.ehowstuff.local.
               IN      A       192.168.2.62
               IN      MX      10 mail.ehowstuff.local.

centos64           IN      A       192.168.2.62
mail            IN      A       192.168.2.62
ns1              IN      A       192.168.2.62
ns2              IN      A       192.168.2.63

b) Create Reverse Zone :

[root@centos64 ~]# vi /var/named/chroot/var/named/192.168.2.zone
;
;       Addresses and other host information.
;
@       IN      SOA     ehowstuff.local. hostmaster.ehowstuff.local. (
                               2013042201      ; Serial
                               43200      ; Refresh
                               3600       ; Retry
                               3600000    ; Expire
                               2592000 )  ; Minimum

2.168.192.in-addr.arpa. IN      NS      centos64.ehowstuff.local.

62.2.168.192.in-addr.arpa. IN PTR mail.ehowstuff.local.
62.2.168.192.in-addr.arpa. IN PTR ns1.ehowstuff.local.
63.2.168.192.in-addr.arpa. IN PTR ns2.ehowstuff.local.

9. Start Bind service :

[root@centos64 ~]# /etc/init.d/named start
Generating /etc/rndc.key:                                  [  OK  ]
Starting named:                                            [  OK  ]

10. Configure Bind auto start at boot :

[root@centos64 ~]# chkconfig --levels 235 named on

11. Test and verify Bind DNS setup :
a. Test and verify using host command :

[root@centos64 ~]# host -t ns ehowstuff.local
ehowstuff.local name server ns1.ehowstuff.local.
ehowstuff.local name server ns2.ehowstuff.local.
[root@centos64 ~]# host -t mx ehowstuff.local
ehowstuff.local mail is handled by 10 mail.ehowstuff.local.

b. Test and verify using nslookup command :

[root@centos64 ~]# nslookup
> set type=any
> ehowstuff.local
Server:         192.168.2.62
Address:        192.168.2.62#53

ehowstuff.local
        origin = ehowstuff.local
        mail addr = hostmaster.ehowstuff.local
        serial = 2013042201
        refresh = 43200
        retry = 3600
        expire = 3600000
        minimum = 2592000
ehowstuff.local nameserver = ns1.ehowstuff.local.
ehowstuff.local nameserver = ns2.ehowstuff.local.
Name:   ehowstuff.local
Address: 192.168.2.62
ehowstuff.local mail exchanger = 10 mail.ehowstuff.local.
> exit

c. Test and verify using dig command :

[root@centos64 ~]# dig ehowstuff.local

; < <>> DiG 9.8.2rc1-RedHat-9.8.2-0.17.rc1.el6_4.4 < <>> ehowstuff.local
;; global options: +cmd
;; Got answer:
;; ->>HEADER< <- opcode: QUERY, status: NOERROR, id: 6958
;; flags: qr aa rd ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 1, AUTHORITY: 2, ADDITIONAL: 2

;; QUESTION SECTION:
;ehowstuff.local.               IN      A

;; ANSWER SECTION:
ehowstuff.local.        2592000 IN      A       192.168.2.62

;; AUTHORITY SECTION:
ehowstuff.local.        2592000 IN      NS      ns1.ehowstuff.local.
ehowstuff.local.        2592000 IN      NS      ns2.ehowstuff.local.

;; ADDITIONAL SECTION:
ns1.ehowstuff.local.    2592000 IN      A       192.168.2.62
ns2.ehowstuff.local.    2592000 IN      A       192.168.2.63

;; Query time: 1 msec
;; SERVER: 192.168.2.62#53(192.168.2.62)
;; WHEN: Wed Apr  3 00:03:40 2013
;; MSG SIZE  rcvd: 117


courtesy: ehowstuff.com/how-to-install-and-configure-bind-chroot-dns-server-on-centos-6-4-vps/
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